Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Canterbury Cathedral #1 ...

... map Canterbury Cathedral ...
source: canterbury cathedral

It is the motherchurch of the Anglican Communion, seat of 
the Archbishop. You’ll be able to discover stunning stained glass,
an eleventh century crypt, Fourteenth Century Nave. 
The Cathedral’s history goes back to 597AD when St Augustine,
sent by Pope Gregory the Great as a missionary, established 
his seat (or ‘Cathedra’) in Canterbury. In 1170 Archbishop
Thomas Becket was murdered in the Cathedral and ever since,

the Cathedral has attracted thousands of pilgrims,
as told famously in Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. 
source: canterbury-cathedral.org
  
... Canterbury Cathedral from the city entrance ...
  
... West Towers, Bell Harry Tower and South-West Porch ...
  
... West Window (c.1180-1200; c.1399),
21 large windows plus 44 small tracery lights ...
source: sacreddestinations.com
  
... the present Nave (1377‭ ‬to‭ ‬1405)...
... its the sheer height and slenderness of the columns 
that really grab your attention within the nave  ...
source: britainexpress.com
... archaeological investigations under the nave floor in‭ ‬1993
 ‬revealed the foundations of the original Saxon cathedral,
 ‬which had been built across a‭ ‬former Roman road ...
source: en.wikipedia.org
  
... tall columns rise up like an avenue of trees
to meet in delicate vaulted arches ...
... the Romanesque Nave was replaced in the 14th century by 
the one we see today. Its tall columns rise to meet in delicate 
vaulted arches and gilt roof bosses high over our heads. 
It is one of the most magnificent surviving examples of 
English Perpendicular Gothic, designed by Henry Yevele,
the King’s Master mason ...
source: canterbury-cathedral.org
  
... located at the north west corner of the nave. The marble 
Baptismal font (1639) was donated by John Warner, Bishop
of Rochester.  In 1642 Cromwell's soldiers smashed the font,
but the pieces were saved and it was reassembled
and put back in 1662 ...
source: britainexpress.com
  
... the Victorian pulpit (1898) designed by George Bodley.
The pulpit honors the memory of Dr. Robert Payne-Smith 
who was Dean between 1871 and 1895. figures of
Sts. Augustine and Gregory flank the stairway ....
source: faculty.de.gcsu.edu
   
 
Compass Rose (‬1988‭)  
... placed in the Nave‭ in front of the Nave altar ...
‭by keithraesengraver.co.uk - official website
engraver craftsman: Keith Raes,
‭designed by architect Giles Blomfield ...

The Compass Rose of the Anglican Communion ...
The center of the Compass Rose contains the cross of 
St. George and is surrounded by the inscription in Greek,
"The truth shall set you free." The points of a compass reflect 
the spread of Anglican Christianity throughout the world. 
The mitre at the top indicates the role of Episcopacy and 
Anglican Order that is at the heart of the traditions 
of the Churches of the Communion ...
‭... The Compass Rose as the symbol of the world wide Anglican 
communion was the idea of the late Canon Edward West 
of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York ...
source: compassrosesociety.org
  
... the first Cathedral in Canterbury was built
 by St Augustine in around 597 ...

Monday, November 29, 2010

Canterbury Cathedral #2 ...

... the Gothic choir screen (or pulpitum), (ca. 1455) by Richard Beke.
It still has its original sculptures of shield-bearing angels and 6 kings, 
but its original sculptures of Christ and the twelve apostles
were destroyed.
source: sacreddestinations.com
  
Delicately carved statues of six Kings stand on either side
of the archway into the Quire. From the left they are Richard II,
Henry V, Ethelbert, Edward the Confessor, Henry IV and Henry VI.
source: collegetermpapers.com

The pulpitum stone screen was built to separate the monks
in the Quire from the peoples’ church in the Nave.
source: canterbury-cathedral.org
  
... the choir and return stalls (1664) ...
  
... the Romanesque choir (1184), 
looking east to the Trinity Chapel (1220) ...
... another immense vista greets the pilgrim entering the Quire, 
the longest of any English cathedral ...
source: collegetermpapers.com
   
... the High Altar and St. Augustine's throne, where the Archbishop sits!
source: canterbury-cathedral.org
  
... effigy of Henry Chichele - polychromed stone (1424-26) ...
... railings ("the Chichele gate") at his tomb between the upper
choir and the choir ambulatory adjacent to the north-east transept
the beautifully carved and painted memorial to Henry Chichele,
archbishop of Canterbury from 1414 to 1443 and founder 
of All Souls College, Oxford ... 
source: britainexpress.com
  
... the Quire ...
... Re-built and extended in the 12th century in the early Gothic
style, it was designed and started by William of Sens, a French-
man, who was unable to continue the work because of a fall. 
The eastern section was completed by William the Englishman.
The “Cathedra” or Bishop’s Throne is the decorated 
canopied dais ...
source: canterbury-cathedral.org

Saturday, November 27, 2010

Canterbury Cathedral #3 ...

... detail of a capital in the north aisle of the choir 
and the stairs leading to the Trinity Chapel ...
  
... the Porphyry Pavement (and Zodiac signs) ...
by medievalarchitecturalgeometry.com
... we see the Canterbury pavement as being sent to the Cathedral
in about 1120 presented ostensibly by the Papacy, but probably at
the behest of Archbishop Anselm, to grace the great new monastic
Choir. It was laid in the entrance of the chapel of the Holy Trinity,
a novel introduction in itself, behind the archbishop’s chair 14 steps
above the pavement of the monastic Choir, where it has remained 
to this day, within the latten framework that brought it
from the Mediterranean world ...
  
... medieval floor medallions - zodiac signs ...
... part of the zodiac roundels in the Trinity Chapel;
lion and dragon - anger and patience - virgo;
taurus - winged dragon - April, pruning;
arms of Mandeville - sobriety and luxury - cancer ...
  
... stained glass window: "Plague in the House" (c.1220)
by Sir Jordan Fitz-Eisulf".  Becket Miracle Window 6,
north aisle of the Trinity Chapel ...
source: sacred destination
   
... the candle on the floor marks the site of the medieval
shrine of St Thomas Becket (from 1220 to 1538).
This was the holiest site in medieval England, 
and a destination for countless thousands of pilgrims. 
Thomas Becket's shrine was placed in the Trinity Chapel
in 1220, until it was destroyed in 1538 during 
the Reformation by order of Henry VIII ...
source: britainexpress.com

... looking West from this point the visitor can see 
the full length of the Cathedral and the great window
at the West end of the Nave ...

Thomas Becket ...
by en.wikipedia.org
... is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic
Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict 
with Henry II of England over the rights and privileges of 
the Church and was assassinated by followers of the king
in Canterbury Cathedral ...
  
... the Trinity Chapel ...
... completed 50 years after the death of Thomas Becket in order
to house the new shrine. A candle marks the site of the 13th century
shrine which was destroyed during the Reformation in 1538 by order of
Henry VIII, who removed all the gold and jewels to the Royal Treasury.
All around the Trinity Chapel are the miracle windows, so-called
because they illustrate stories associated with Becket ...
source: canterburycathedral.org
  
... vault of Corona Chapel ...
  
... medieval stained glass windows,
left: Tree of Jesse, King Josiah and the Virgin Mary 
are the only two surviving medival panels;
center: the Corona Redemption Window ...
by sacreddestinations.com
... is an impressive typological window in the center of
the Corona. It centers on five scenes related to the Passion
and Resurrection of Christ, each of which is surrounded by
  4 parallel scenes from the Old Testament known as "types" ...
  
 
    ... the Corona Chapel - 'Becket's Crown', built as a separate shrine
for a piece of Becket's skull, completes the eastern exterior
of the Cathedral in a unique fashion ...
source: canterburycathedral.org

... The cathedral designated its Corona Chapel 
“The Chapel of Saints and Martyrs of Our Own Time,”
following the murder of Anglican archbishop Janani Luwum
of Uganda by Idi Amin’s forces in 1977 ...
... Plastic-sheeted pages inside offer brief biographical sketches
of more than a dozen twentieth-century martyrs, among them
the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., Archbishop Oscar Romero,
and the priest and hermit Charles de Foucauld. Two nuns, 
Edith Stein and Maria Skobtsova, are included, along with 
Bonhoeffer and Kolbe, as victims of the Nazi concentration camps.
Turning the pages, I come across unfamiliar names 
of priests killed in Russia, Iran, and Uganda ...
  
... Without fanfare, in stained-glass stillness, 
the East Chapel transforms the beatitude, 
“Blessed are those who are persecuted,”
into lives of flesh and spilled blood ... 
source: touchstonemag.com

Friday, November 26, 2010

Canterbury Cathedral #4

... heraldic shield ...
   
... the splendid tomb of Edward, Prince of Wales (1330-1376), 
known as "The Black Prince", is one of the Cathedral's finest ...
 source: collegetermpapers.com
      
...dog at the feet of Edward, the "Black Prince" (1330-1376).
This is often seen on knightly tombs, as it represents loyalty ...
source: sacreddestinations.com
   
the sabatons or sollerets ...
by armourdesign.dial.pipex.com
... the slender, pointed sabatons were seen from 
the 14th to the latter part of the 15th century ...
   
...above it hang replicas (1968) of his achievements - 
his helmet, jupon, shield and gauntlets ...
source: collegetermpapers.com
  
... the original funerary achievements, preserved 
in a glass case in the South Quire Aisle  ...
source: myarmoury.com
     
... Thomas Cray was here (1704) ...
... earlier less reverent pilgrims have left their mark on 
the Cathedral too – one soft stone pillar bears the clear mark,
“Thomas Cray 1704”, three centuries after 
his vigorous act of graffiti ...
source: slightlyintrepid.blogspot.com
  
... the Becket Vestments replicas (1901), based on 
the original Chasuble worn by Thomas Becket. 
The original vestments are housed in the Cathedral
at Sens, France where he was in Exile ...
source: infoboard
  
... Ne vile velis ...
... it actually translates to "wish nothing base" or "wish no harm" ...
source: wiki.answers.com
      
... monument to Dean Thomas Neville, d. 1615, and his 
brother Alexander, d. 1614, in the south choir aisle ...
source: english-heritage.org.uk
  
   ... coat of arms ceiling ...
    
  Man of War: Edward, the Black Prince ...
by myarmoury.com ...
... few figures inspired reverence among the English and fear
among the French during the Hundred Years War like the eldest
son of Edward III, known to history as the Black Prince ...

Thursday, November 25, 2010

Canterbury Cathedral #5 ...

... Bell Harry tower which dates between 1493 and 1503 and is
an early example of a brick built structure (faced with stone) ...
source: english-heritage.org.uk 
... It is named for a bell donated by Priory Henry of Eastry ... 
source: britainexpress.com
  
... Son of Man (1988) - Standing Christ ...
... sculpture in Canterbury cathedral precinct by David McFall ...
by davidmcfall.co.uk - official site
... after all, I have depicted the Nazarene
who was Christ on earth in our midst ...
  
... an impressive plane tree, with an enormous trunk 
and is reputed to be more than 200 years old ...
... we have many fine trees within the precincts including 
what is considered to be one of the oldest mulberry trees
in the country. As this is in the Archdeacon's garden it can only
be viewed on the open days or during an organised garden tour ...
source: canterbury-cathedral.org
  
Canterbury Cathedral ...
by en.wikipedia.org
... is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures
in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site ...
  

    Canterbury  ... 
 by en.wikipedia.org
 ... originally a Brythonic settlement, it was renamed Durovernum 
Cantiacorum by the Roman conquerors in the 1st century AD.
After it became the chief Jutish settlement, it gained 
its English name Canterbury, itself derived from the Old English
Cantwareburh ("Kent people's stronghold") ...

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Chrysler 1941 Plymouth ...

... Plymouth hood ornament ...
  
 ... 1941 Plymouth grill emblem ...
   
 ... stylish art deco cornering light ...
   
... luxury interior ...
  
... 1941 Plymouth seen from back ...
  
... marque on back trunk ...
    
... hubcap reflection ...
     
Plymouth cars for 1940 ... (EN)
 by allpar.com
... "The Low Priced Beauty With the Luxury Ride." ...

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Kyloe ...

Highland cattle or kyloe (in Scots) ... (EN)
by en.wikipedia.org
... are an ancient Scottish breed of beef cattle
with long horns and long wavy coats ...

Monday, November 22, 2010

Bossut-Gottechain ...

  ... 'La Malhaise' tree ...
   
 ... long-distance footpath GR 579 Brussels - Liège ...
Itinerary : Bruxelles - Huldenberg - Bossut - Jodoigne - Orp
  - Hannut - Flémalle - Liège.  Length of trail: 148 km
source: wallonie-tourisme
      
.. chapel, hidden in the tree ...
  
... Ulmus minor ...
EN: Field Elm - NL: veldiep/olm
FR: Orme champêtre - DE: Feldulme
      
... the 'Malhaise plateau' at the crossroads of the 'rue de 
la Malhaise, avenue Fernand Labby, rue de l'Abbaye' ...
  
Ulmus minor ... (EN)
by en.wikipedia.org
... is by far the most polymorphic of the European species ...

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