Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Berlin - Straße des 17. Juni ...

... the Victory Column / Siegessäule (1864-1873) ...
... surrounded by a heavily trafficked street circle, 1979 ...

Berlin Victory Column / Siegessäule ... (EN)
...designed by Heinrich Strack after 1864 to commemorate
the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War,
by the time it was inaugurated on 2 September 1873,

... Berliners, with their fondness for giving
nicknames to buildings, call the statue Goldelse,
meaning something like "Golden Lizzy" ...

... the Soviet Memorial, Reichstag in distance, 1979 ...

... view Straße des 17. Juni, from the Soviet War
Reichstach, Brandenburg Gate and
Television tower in distance, 1979 ...

... The Soviet War Memorial is the only major structure
on the course
of the street between the Brandenburg
Gate and the Siegessäule ...


... two Soviet Guards present at the Soviet Memorial ...

... Although the memorial stood in the British sector
of Berlin, its construction was supported by all
the Allied powers. Throughout the Cold War,
Soviet Guards were present at the memorial,
sent out and changed regularly by Soviet occupying
forces in the Soviet sector.


... a Soviet soldier watching the tourists, 1979 ...

...The Soviet Memorial is set in landscaped gardens
and flanked by two Red Army ML-20 152mm
artillery pieces and two T-34 tanks ...

... Berlin city centre detail showing
the former militarised border zone (red) ...
source map: information panel, 2010

... the Soviet War Memorial, 2010
the Soviet Guards are disappeared ...

... The memorial, built from stonework taken from
the destroyed Reich Chancellery, takes the form
of a curved stoa topped by a large statue
of a Soviet soldier ...


... The Soviets built the statue with the soldier's arm
in a position to symbolize the Red Army's putting
down of the German National Socialist state ...

... A large Cyrillic inscription is written underneath
the soldier statue, which is translated as
"Eternal glory to heroes who fell in battle with
the German fascist invaders for the freedom
and independence of the Soviet Union"...


... a visitor's centre is located
in the park behind the memorial

The Memorial today ...
... The memorial is still a site of active commemoration.
... It is a site of pilgrimage for war veterans from
the countries of the former Soviet Union ...

The Soviet War Memorial ... (EN)
... erected by the Soviet Union to commemorate its war dead,
particularly the 80,000 soldiers of the Soviet Armed Forces
who died during the Battle of Berlin in April and May 1945 ...

The Straße des 17. Juni ... (EN)
... is a street in central Berlin, the capital of Germany.
It is the western continuation of the Unter den Linden
... In 1953 the street was re-named Straße des 17. Juni
to commemorate the uprising of the East Berliners
on 17 June 1953.