Monday, May 24, 2010

Berlin - Bebelplatz ...

.. empty bookshelves to house the 20,000 books burned ...

Versunkene Bibliothek/ Underground Library (1993-94)
by Micha Ullman

Monument to the May 10, 1933 Book burning
... The underground "Bibliothek/ Library" on Berlin's
August-Bebel-Platz is a square room set into the ground
with nothing but walls of empty shelves.
This library has no books.
In the evening and at night, visitors can look through
the glass into a brightly lit room – located exactly
where the Nazis burnt tens of thousands of books
on 10 May 1933. Students of the Humboldt University,
just across the road, were the main perpetrators ...


... nearby is a plaque bearing the poet Heinrich Heine's
words from 1820
(who attended Humboldt University
overlooking the square) ...


... In his 1821 play, Almansor, the German writer
Heinrich Heine — referring to the burning of the Muslim
holy book, the Qur'an, during the Spanish Inquisition
wrote, "Where they burn books, so too will they
in the end burn human beings."
("Dort, wo man Bücher verbrennt,
verbrennt man auch am Ende Menschen.")
One century later, Heine's books were among
the thousands of volumes that were torched
by the Nazis in Berlin's Opernplatz.

... Alte Bibliothek / the former Royal Library (1775-80)...
by Georg Friedrich Boumann in accordance
with plans by Georg Christian Unger,
reconstruction 1963-69 by Werner Kötteritzsch
This was the first independent library structure
in Berlin
and was built to house the Royal
Book Collection
founded in 1661 ...

The Bebelplatz / Bebel Square ... (EN)
... (formerly Opernplatz) is a public square in Berlin ...
... The Bebelplatz is best known as the site of the book burning
ceremony held on May 10, 1933 by members of the S.A.
("brownshirts") and Nazi youth groups, on the instigation of
the Propaganda Minister, Joseph Goebbels.
The Nazis burned around 20,000 books, including works
by Thomas Mann, Erich Maria Remarque, Heinrich Heine,
Karl Marx and many other authors ....